Oracle DBLink 访问Lob 字段 ORA-22992 解决方法

2014年05月27日 IT应用 没人吐槽 6614次浏览
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应用背景:

在工作中,需要在本地数据库中数据链另一个数据库的表,查询全表,Oracle报错误ORA-22992 ,发现数据库链表中有字段格式为CLOB,通过本文发现问题后,在查询的时候直接查询其他字段,避开此字段,直接使用数据库链好使。

这篇测试一下通过DBLink 访问含有Blob字段表的方法。 关于DBLINK 和 Lob 的说明,参考如下链接:

Oracle DBLink

http://blog.csdn.net/tianlesoftware/article/details/4698642

删除Dblink 报错ORA-02024: database link not found 的解决方法

http://blog.csdn.net/tianlesoftware/article/details/6160196

ORACLE LOB 大对象处理

http://blog.csdn.net/tianlesoftware/article/details/5070981

Oracle LOB 详解

http://blog.csdn.net/tianlesoftware/article/details/6905406

一.模拟问题

1.1  在实例1上操作:

创建含有blob 的测试表:

[sql] view plaincopy 
  1. /* Formatted on 2012/6/19 10:18:05 (QP5 v5.185.11230.41888) */
  2. CREATE TABLE lob1
  3. (
  4.    line   NUMBER primary key,
  5.    text   CLOB
  6. );
  7. INSERT INTO lob1
  8.    SELECT distinct line, text FROM all_source where rownum<500;
  9. SELECT segment_name,
  10.          segment_type,
  11.          tablespace_name,
  12.          SUM (bytes) / 1024 / 1024 || 'M' AS "SIZE"
  13.     FROM user_segments
  14.    WHERE segment_name = 'LOB1'
  15. GROUP BY segment_name, segment_type, tablespace_name;

 

LOB 表的信息如下:

[sql] view plaincopy
  1. SEGMENT_NAME    SEGMENT_TYPE       TABLESPACE_NAME                SIZE
  2. --------------- ------------------ ------------------------------ ----------
  3. LOB1            TABLE              SYSTEM                         9M
  4. SQL> set wrap off;
  5. SQL> select * from lob1 where rownum=1;
  6.    LINE TEXT
  7. ---------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  8.    1 package STANDARD AUTHID CURRENT_USER is              -- care

 

1.2 在实例2上操作

创建DBLINK:

[sql] view plaincopy
  1. CREATE PUBLIC DATABASE LINK lob_link CONNECT TO dave IDENTIFIED BY dave
  2. USING '(DESCRIPTION =
  3.           (ADDRESS_LIST =
  4.            (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.2.222)(PORT = 1521))
  5.         )
  6.            (CONNECT_DATA =
  7.          (SERVICE_NAME = dave)
  8.      )
  9.   )';
  10. SQL> select * from v$version;
  11. BANNER
  12. ----------------------------------------------------------------
  13. Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Prod
  14. PL/SQL Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
  15. CORE    10.2.0.1.0      Production
  16. TNS for Linux: Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
  17. NLSRTL Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
  18. SQL> select count(*) from lob1@lob_link;
  19.   COUNT(*)
  20. ----------
  21.      58228

这边查询总记录数正常。但是当我们查询具体LOB字段里的内容的时候,就会报错,如下:

 

[sql] view plaincopy
  1. SQL> select * from lob1@lob_link where rownum=1;
  2. ERROR:
  3. ORA-22992: cannot use LOB locators selected from remote tables
  4. no rows selected
  5. [oracle@localhost ~]$ oerr ora 22992
  6. 22992, 00000, "cannot use LOB locators selected from remote tables"
  7. // *Cause:  A remote LOB column cannot be referenced.
  8. // *Action:  Remove references to LOBs in remote tables.

二.MOS 上的相关说明

2.1 ORA-22992 When TryingTo Select Lob Columns Over A Database Link [ID 119897.1]

在官网的这篇文章中,基于Oracle 8i的进行了说明,报错的原因是因为不支持这个特性。

(A)You cannot actually select a lob column (i.e. CLOB column) from a table

using remote database link.  Thisis not a supported feature.

 

(B)Also, these are the INVALID operations on a LOB column:

--以下操作也不被支持。

1. SELECT lobcol from table1@remote_site;

2. INSERT INTO lobtable select type1.lobattr from table1@remote_site;

3. SELECT dbms_lob.getlength(lobcol) from table1@remote_site;

 

2.2 ORA-22992 in SQLUsing DBLINK and NVL2 function in 10g. [ID 427239.1]

在Oracle 9i/10g版本中,存在Bug.5185187 ,因此在dblink中使用NVL2 函数时,就会出现ORA-22992的错误。

该Bug 在Oracle 11gR2中已经修复。

也可以使用如下方法,来间接的解决这个问题:

Original SQL:

select nvl2('a', 'b','c' )from dual@test;

Modified SQL:

selectto_char(nvl2('a','b','c')) from dual@test;

 

2.3 SELECT with a LOB andDBLink Returns an ORA-22992: Cannot Use LOB Locators Selected from Remotetables [ID 1234893.1]

在这边文章里也提到了原因:because the use ofDBLinks and LOBs via the SELECT from PL/SQL is not supported.

在这篇文章里也提供了一些解决方法:

The followingNotes discuss this issue, and give code snippets as example to work-around therestriction using the INTO clause. Keep in mind, if working with large LOBsizes, it may be best to implement the work-around of using a MaterializedView.

--如果LOB字段很大,最好使用物化视图来解决这个问题。

Note 459557.1 (ORA-1406: FetchedColumn Value was Truncated When Selecting Remote Column into Local BLOBVariable) discusses using a Materialized View in the scenarios where the BLOBwill be larger than 2Meg.

Note 119897.1 (ORA-22992 When Trying To SelectLob Columns Over A Database Link) states this feature is not supported but thenat the end of the Note it states starting with 10.2 there is a work-around ofusing LONG and LONG RAW types.

Note 436707.1 (Ora-22992 has a workaround in10gR2) illustrates a work-around (using LONG RAW) as mentioned was possible inthe previous note.

Note 796282.1 (Workaround for ORA-22992)provides 3 work-arounds.

 

三.解决方法

3.1 将接收的lob 存入char(CBob)或者raw(BLob)本地变量

MOS文章:

Ora-22992 has a workaround in 10gR2 [ID 436707.1]

Workaround for ORA-22992 [ID 796282.1]

Starting from 10g the  select from alob object through a database link is supportedby  receiving the LOB objects into variables defined as CHAR orRAW.

--从Oracle10g开始,dblink 的select可以被本地的char或raw 类型变量接收。

(1) Selecting a CLOB objectthrough the dblink:

set serveroutput on

declare
my_ad varchar(2000);
BEGIN
SELECT obj INTO my_ad FROM test@torem where id=1;
dbms_output.put_line(my_ad);
END;
/

我这里的测试环境是CBLOB,示例如下:

SQL> declare

2  my_ad varchar(2000);

3  BEGIN

4  SELECT text INTO my_ad FROMlob1@lob_link where rownum=1;

5  dbms_output.put_line(my_ad);

6  END;

/

7

package STANDARD AUTHIDCURRENT_USER is         -- careful onthis line;

SED edit occurs!

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

--这里输出了我们CLOB里的内容。

 

(2)Selecting a BLOB object through thedblink:

declare
my_ad raw(50);
BEGIN
SELECT obj INTO my_ad FROM test2@torem where id=1;
END;
/

 

3.2 使用物化视图

MOS 文章: ORA-1406: Fetched Column Value was Truncated When Selecting RemoteColumn into Local BLOB Variable [ID 459557.1]

在3.1 中,我们可以使用本地变量来接收dblink中LOB的值,但是这个方法是有限制的。当我们接收的LOB 字段值大于32KB值,就会报如下错误:

ORA-01406 :fetched column value was truncated

"If the LOBis greater than 32KB - 1 in size, then PL/SQL will raise a truncation error andthe contents of the buffer are undefined."

This means thatwe are not able to retrieve BLOBs columns greater than 32KB - 1 in size througha database link.

The restrictionstill holds good for 11g from Oracledocumention  SecureFiles and LargeObjects Developer's Guide

 

3.2.1 测试LOB字段长度

--在远程端创建过程:

create or replace procedure get_bloblengthas
blob_loc blob;
blob_length number;
begin
select <lob_column>
into blob_loc
from  <table_name>
where name ='<critira>';
blob_length := dbms_lob.getlength(blob_loc);
dbms_output.put_line('Length of the Column : ' || to_char(blob_length));
end;

--在本地调用过程:

exec get_bloblength@repb

如果返回值大于32KB,我们就可以使用物化视图了。

 

3.2.2 创建物化视图

SQL> create materializedview lobmv1 as select line,text from lob1@lob_link;

--查询物化视图:CLOB正常显示

SQL> set wrap off;

SQL> select * from lobmv where rownum<5;

LINE TEXT

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

5

8   type NUMBER is NUMBER_BASE;

9   subtype FLOAT is NUMBER; --NUMBER(126)

11   subtype "DOUBLEPRECISION" is FLOAT;

 

3.3 将含有LOB字段的表复制到本地的全局临时表

我们在本地创建一张和dblink远程端相同的全局临时表,然后在查询临时表:

[sql] view plaincopy
  1. --创建临时表:
  2. create global temporary table lob2
  3. (
  4.    line   number primary key,
  5.    text   clob
  6. )
  7. on commit delete rows;
  8. --插入数据:
  9. SQL> insert into lob2 select line,text from lob1@lob_link;
  10. 499 rows created.
  11. SQL> select * from lob2 where rownum<5;
  12.       LINE TEXT
  13. ---------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  14.          5
  15.          8   type NUMBER is NUMBER_BASE;
  16.          9   subtype FLOAT is NUMBER; -- NUMBER(126)
  17.         11   subtype "DOUBLE PRECISION" is FLOAT;
  18. SQL> commit;
  19. Commit complete.
  20. SQL> select * from lob2 where rownum<5;
  21. no rows selected
  22. --提交之后数据就被删除了,这个是临时表的属性。

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